Myogenic stem cells are composed of satellite cells, multipotential muscle-derived stem
cells and bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells. They are multipotential stem cells that can differentiate
into different cell lineages. Usually, they have the ability to commit to myogenesis, adipogenesis,
and osteogenesis, which is important for the tissue growth and regeneration and even the cure of diseases.
Signal proteins are major members of each signaling pathway. They transmit mass signals in or
between cells and regulate gene expression, so ensure the homeostasis of the organism. Here, we review
the origin, properties and applications of myogenic stem cells, and the vital signal proteins involved
in myogenic stem cells differentiation will be referred to as well.
Keywords: Bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells, differentiation, multipotential muscle-derived stem cells, satellite cells,
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