Natural Scene Image Annotation Using Local Semantic Concepts and Spatial Bag of Visual Words

Author(s): Yousef Alqasrawi

Journal Name: International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control

Volume 6 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Most techniques that adopt the BOW model in annotating images declined favorable information that can be mined from image categories to build discriminative visual vocabularies. We introduce a detailed framework for automatically annotating natural scene images with local semantic labels from a predefined vocabulary.

Methods: The proposed framework is based on a hypothesis that assumes that, in natural scenes, intermediate semantic concepts are correlated with the local keypoints. Based on this hypothesis, image regions can be efficiently represented by BOW model and using a machine learning approach, such as SVM, to label image regions with semantic annotations. Another objective of this paper is to address the implications of generating visual vocabularies from image halves, instead of producing them from the whole image, on the performance of annotating image regions with semantic labels.

Results: The reported results have shown the plausibility of using the BOW model to represent the semantic information of image regions and thus to automatically annotate image regions with semantic labels.

Conclusion: Our experimental results shows the plausibility of local from global approach for image region annotation as well as the discriminative power of using visual vocabularies from image halves. It showed an improved annotation results using integrated bag of visual words combined with low-level features.

Keywords: Image annotation, natural scenes, bag of visual words, visual vocabulary, semantic modelling, semantic concepts.

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Article Details

Year: 2016
Published on: 13 November, 2016
Page: [153 - 173]
Pages: 21
DOI: 10.2174/2210327906666160606152043
Price: $25

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