Factors Contributing to Health and Disease
Pp. 269-290 (22)
Jay M. Mirtallo and Esperanza J. Carcache de Blanco
There are many aspects of the American diet that should be improved in
order to promote health and prevent disease. The United States Departments of
Agriculture and Health and Human Services are responsible for developing and
updating guides to educate the public and professionals on nutritional health. The
current guide: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 provides a wealth of ideas in
simple, actionable health messages to improve the diet. This chapter reviews many of
these principles for good nutrition health in addition to dietary reference intakes (DRI)
important to assess the adequacy of specific nutrients in the diet as well as activity, a
lifestyle that facilitates nutritional health.
Dietary reference intakes, empty calories, estimated average
requirement, food groups, healthy diet, MyPlate, nutrition health, physical activity
and exercise, recommended dietary allowance, tolerable upper limits.
The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.