Food Regulations in the United States
Pp. 21-60 (40)
Melvin A. Pascall and Ken Lee
Food laws and regulations within the United States are essential to food
safety, commerce and improved national health. Understanding the differences between
foods, drugs and dietary supplements is important for both regulatory and national
health reasons. If these commodities are not defined properly and label claims about
them are not in keeping with both good science and prevailing legislation, the packaged
products could be in violation of the related laws or regulations. There are thirteen
federal agencies that are associated with food regulation and safety in some manner. Of
great interest across several agencies are specific regulations relating to food labeling.
There is mandatory information that must be on all Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulated labels, and there
are new allowable label claims to help consumers understand the connection between
food and health. This work focuses on special food ingredients and additives that have
high public or scientific interest, with reference to selected categories of ingredients.
These include direct, secondary direct and indirect ingredients, generally recognized as
safe (GRAS) substances and color additives. The chapter discusses the rationale behind
the Infant Formula Act and provides an overview of FDA and USDA inspection
strategies and enforcement actions.
Dietary supplements, food, food laws/regulations, GRAS, health
claims, US Federal Agencies.
The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.