Biotechnological Applications of Trametes versicolor and their Enzymes

Author(s): Ana P.M. Tavares, Susana R. Pereira, Ana M.R.B. Xavier*

Journal Name: Current Biotechnology

Volume 6 , Issue 2 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Basidiomycete Trametes versicolor is one of the most studied white rot fungus due to its great genetic potential responsible for the expression of different and powerful capacities such as degrading lignocellulose in wood decay bioprocesses. T. versicolor whole genome is currently being sequenced due to the high interest in using its enzymatic complex systems as well as producing its polysaccharopeptides with important biological activities.

Mehtod: T. versicolor fruiting bodies, their infusions, solid state fermentations and submerged cultures are increasingly used for multiple research studies and also on industrial biotechnological applications for obtaining commercial products. The oxireductive enzymatic activities found in T. versicolor were studied and the fungus was directly applied in Kraft pulp bleaching and for wood delignification. Furthermore it was applied with environmental objectives reducing pollutant content converting recalcitrant toxic substances. The biomass of this fungus was also used for biosorption in effluents cleaning processes. Extracellular enzymes produced by T. versicolor cultures have a wide range of applications and laccase was reported for wine and beer industries, pulp and paper and textile industries as well as for bioremediation.

Result: The potential from T. versicolor polysaccharopeptides has been systematically investigated in human cancer, being the best commercially established mushroom-derived therapeutics. Production and isolation of polysaccharopeptide Krestin and another polysaccharopeptide, dark brown powders, with a light odor both soluble in hot water allowed their commercialization and their physiological activities are being researched and evaluated.

Conclusion: Applied research based on this fungus is a challenge that can be very promissory in the future.

Keywords: Trametes versicolor, lignolitic enzymes, polysaccharopeptide, white rot fungus, oxidoreductive enzymatic activity, physiological activity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2017
Page: [78 - 88]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2211550105666160510113212
Price: $65

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