The care of extremely premature neonates with suspected or confirmed diagnosis of patent
ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a frequent challenge for pediatric nurses. It is important for nurses to have
adequate knowledge of the normal postnatal changes in cardiovascular and pulmonary function to recognize
any adverse symptoms. Nurses caring for these vulnerable neonates must have a thorough understanding
of the pathophysiology of a PDA in order to assess, plan, and implement patient-centered
care. Recognition of characteristic symptoms of PDA in a timely manner is essential for optimal management and outcomes.
Understanding the science behind treatment options is also imperative for pediatric nurses to provide the best care
and effectively educate parents. Pediatric nurses are a significant resource in managing extremely premature neonates
through comprehensive assessment, effective parent education, and high-quality patient-centered care.
Keywords: Patent ductus arteriosus, extremely premature neonate, nursing assessment, family education, nursing care.
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