To Analyze the Amelioration of Phenobarbital Induced Oxidative Stress by Erucin, as Indicated by Biochemical and Histological Alterations

Author(s): Rohit Arora, Sakshi Bhushan, Rakesh Kumar, Rahul Mannan, Pardeep Kaur, Bikram Singh, Ritika Sharma, Adarsh Pal Vig, Balbir Singh, Amrit Pal Singh, Saroj Arora

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 16 , Issue 11 , 2016

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Graphical Abstract:


Purpose: Phenobarbital is a commonly employed antidepressant and anti-epileptic drug. The cancer promoting activity of this genotoxic xenobiotic is often ignored. It is responsible for oxidative stress leading to modulation in xenobiotic and antioxidative enzymes. Glucosinolates and more specifically their hydrolytic products are known for their antioxidative and anticancer activities. The present study involves the analysis of hepatoprotective effect of erucin (isolated from Eruca sativa (Mill.) Thell.) against phenobarbital mediated hepatic damage in male wistar rats.

Methods: The liver homogenate was analyzed for oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase, catalase, guaiacol peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, glutathione reductase and lactate dehydrogenase), other oxidative parameters (thiobarbituric acid reactive species, conjugated dienes and lipid hydroperoxide), phase I enzymes (NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase, NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase, cytochrome P420, cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5), phase II enzymes (γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, DT-diaphorase and glutathione-S-transferase), serum parameters (alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, direct bilirubin and total bilirubin) and certain histological parameters.

Results: Erucin accorded protection from phenobarbital induced hepatic damage by normalizing antioxidative enzymes, other oxidative parameters, phase I, II, and serum parameters.

Conclusions: Erucin, an analogue of sulforaphane has the potential to act as an anticancer agent by regulating various biochemical parameters.

Keywords: Phenobarbital, erucin, antioxidant enzymes, phase I enzymes, phase II enzymes, histology.

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Article Details

Year: 2016
Published on: 02 October, 2016
Page: [1445 - 1454]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1871520616666160415154210
Price: $65

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