Background: Computer-aided drug design is still a state-of-the-art process in medicinal chemistry, and
the main topics in this field have been extensively studied and well reviewed. These topics include compound databases,
ligand-binding pocket prediction, protein-compound docking, virtual screening, target/off-target prediction,
physical property prediction, molecular simulation and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) prediction. Message and
Conclusion: However, there are also a number of secondary or miscellaneous topics that have been less well covered. For example,
methods for synthesizing and predicting the synthetic accessibility (SA) of designed compounds are important in practical drug development,
and hardware/software resources for performing the computations in computer-aided drug design are crucial. Cloud computing and
general purpose graphics processing unit (GPGPU) computing have been used in virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulations.
Not surprisingly, there is a growing demand for computer systems which combine these resources. In the present review, we summarize
and discuss these various topics of drug design.