Barilius bendelisis, a small teleost fish inhabiting moderate flowing rivers and spring fed
streams with wide Asian distribution is often subjected to environmental and humane perturbations,
making it a probable study model for physiological and molecular adaptations to environmental stressors.
In the present study, 2D gel electrophoresis and Mass spectrometry based proteomics approach
was used to characterize the species responses to gradual and prolonged hypoxia over a period of two
months. We observed change in the expression level of 46 protein spots, out of which 31 were upregulated
in comparison to normoxic individuals while 15 spots were down-regulated. Applying MS
analysis and non-redundant database search 25 of the 46 protein spots that varied were successfully identified, corresponding
to about 55% identification rate. Overall compensatory proteome adjustment was directed towards up-regulation
of glycolytic pathway, decreased neurotransmission, cytoskeletal reorganization, mitigation of reactive oxygen species
and some other stress alleviation responses. However, these findings recapitulate some highly conserved responses towards
hypoxia tolerance; the identification of a significant number of proteins in non model fish Barilius bendelisis suggests
it may serve as a model for stress proteomics studies and could help to elucidate impact of environmental stressors
in fishes and other vertebrates too.