Background: The work is a review of studies carried out in recent years on the epidemic of
obesity. The issue of obesity includes several disciplines: medical-health, socio-economic impacts and
Methods: This review focuses on the three main areas of study: the first area is about patent epidemiological
researches, the second one analyzes the companies that focus on research and development
towards less obesogenic foods and the third one investigates on the policies actions adopted by European
governments to address the problem of obesity.
Results: This study underlined a more strong scientific production relative to US and UK countries compared with the
southern countries of the world where the attention of scientists and politicians to the obesity is lower due to the problems
of food security rather than to those of inappropriate lifestyle.
Conclusion: The study of the cause and effects of this phenomenon through epidemiological researches is a good tool to
counteract obesity. However, the development of policies controlling and contrasting obesogenic food production is fundamental
like greater communication to consumers on the risks of obesity and foods processing.