Genistein is a natural compound belonging to the chemical class of isoflavone. This
molecule is present in the significant portion of our diet in the form of Soy food products. This is the
most extensively studied isoflavone due to its significance affinity towards targets of potential
pharmacological and neutraceutical benefits. The potential pharmacological applications of this
molecule have been found as anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, neuroprotective, antiosteoporosis,
and cardio protective agent. This review provides comprehensive coverage of the
chemistry, pharmacology, toxicity and extraction of genistein.