Microbial growth and biofilms formation are a continuous source of contamination on
most surfaces with biological, inanimate, natural or man-made. The use of chemical surfactants
in daily practice to control growth, presence or adhesion of microorganisms and ultimately the
formation of biofilms and biofouling is therefore becoming essential. Synthetic surfactants are,
however, not preferred or ideal and biologically derived surface active biosurfactants (BSs) molecules produced mainly by microorganisms
are therefore becoming attractive and sought by many industries. The search for innovative and interesting BS molecules that have
effective antimicrobial activities and to use as innovative alternatives to chemical surfactants with added antimicrobial value among
many other advantages has been ongoing for some time. This review discusses the various roles of BS molecules in association with
biofilm formation. Recent updates on several mechanisms involved in biofilm development and control are presented vide this article.
Keywords: Antibacterial, antibiofilm, biosurfactants, bactericidal, disruption.
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