Nanomaterials in the Pharmaceuticals: Occurrence, Behaviour and Applications

Author(s): Imran Uddin, Siddarthan Venkatachalam, Arka Mukhopadhyay, Mohd Amil Usmani

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 22 , Issue 11 , 2016


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Abstract:

Nanoparticles are an emerging class of multi-functional materials defined by size-dependent properties. The ever-growing interest in nanotechnology research has been attributed to the significant properties and parameters of the nanoparticles that make them more versatile than their bulk counter parts that are expected to have large spectrum impact on existing technologies such as drug delivery, biomedical, therapeutics, healthcare and pharmaceutical. The main objectives of this review are to study the impact, occurrence and behaviour of nanomaterials and their applications in pharmaceuticals. Nano-approaches are being explored globally to enhance bioavailability of drugs and diagnostics. This is due to the extremely small size and large specific surface areas of the nanoparticles that may interact directly with cellular system. Biomacromolecule surface recognition by nanoparticles acts as artificial receptors, which provide a potential tool for controlling cellular and extracellular processes for numerous biological applications such as diagnostics, therapy, drug delivery and biosensing. This review article is expected to broaden our understanding towards the development of nanoparticles based diagnostics, combination therapies in treating different diseases and other pharmaceutical applications.

Keywords: Nanoparticles, Pharmaceutical, Biomacromolecule/Protein, Risk assessment, Drug delivery.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 11
Year: 2016
Published on: 17 January, 2016
Page: [1472 - 1484]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666160118104727
Price: $65

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