Imidazoquinolines: Recent Developments in Anticancer Activity

Author(s): Shivaputra A. Patil, Siddappa A. Patil, Renukadevi Patil, Rintaro Hashizume

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Abstract:

Cancer remains one of the unsolved diseases of today’s advanced drug discovery world even though it is known to humans for centuries. There is continued effort to discover new chemotherapeutic agents to improve the outcome of cancer patients. Small-molecule agonists at tolllike receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/8) have recently generated renewed interest in cancer research owing to their profound antitumoral activity. TLR-7/8 agonist imidazoquinolines (Imiquimod, and Resiquimod) and dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin (NVP-BEZ235) have emerged as clinically important candidates for treating cancers. This article reviews briefly the synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) and biological activities of clinically studied imidazoquinolines along with novel emerging preclinical imidazoquinolines for the anticancer activity.

Keywords: Anticancer agent, imidazoquinolines, imiquimod, toll-like receptor, structure-activity relationship.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2016
Published on: 01 February, 2016
Page: [309 - 322]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1389557516666151217122758
Price: $65

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