Susceptibility Risk Alleles of -238G/A, -308G/A and -1031T/C Promoter Polymorphisms of TNF-α Gene to Uterine Leiomyomas

Author(s): Veronica Medikare, Altaf Ali, Venkateshwari Ananthapur, Mamata Deendayal, Pratibha Nallari.

Journal Name: Recent Advances in DNA & Gene Sequences (Discontinued)
Formerly Recent Patents on DNA & Gene Sequences

Volume 9 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

Background: Uterine Leiomyomas (UL) are non-cancerous single celled mass of uterine smooth muscles distinguished by presence of large amounts of collagen, fibronectin and proteoglycans. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), an inflammation inducing cytokine, plays a major role in various disorders of the immune system; is involved in tumor development and progression. It is proposed to study the influence of three functional promoter polymorphisms of TNF-α viz -238G/A, -308G/A and -1031T/C in the development and progression of UL. Methodology: Study included 146 individuals positive for uterine fibroids and 150 healthy individuals. Genomic DNA was isolated from white blood corpuscles and subjected to PCR-RFLP analysis and Allele Specific PCR (ARMS). The significance of the obtained data in controls and patients was estimated and computed by adopting appropriate statistical tools. Results: In this study an association between TNF-α -1031T/C polymorphism and UL was reported. A significant association of the TC genotype (χ2 − 14.34; p=0.0008) and the C allele (χ2 − 5.898 p=0.015) with uterine leiomyomas was observed. Likewise odds risk estimates of 2.56 (95% CI 1.56-4.20, p=0.0007) revealed a significant association of TC genotype and C allele with uterine leiomyomas. Conclusions: “TC” genotype and “C” allele of rs1799964 (-1031T/C) is associated with higher risks to leiomyomas. The “C” allele of -1031T/C results in an increased expression TNF-α leading to smooth cell proliferation and tumor progression, hence, may be a relevant molecular marker in the identification and establishment of UL.

Keywords: Apoptosis, cytokine, fibroids, polymorphism, TNF-α and uterine leiomyomasApoptosis, cytokine, fibroids, polymorphism, TNF-α and uterine leiomyomas

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [65 - 71]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2352092210999151214155858

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