Observation and Early Intervention in Mild Idiopathic Scoliosis via Corrective Exercises in Growing Children

Author(s): Ng SY

Journal Name: Current Pediatric Reviews

Volume 12 , Issue 1 , 2016

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Abstract:

Idiopathic scoliosis afflicts 2-3% of the population. For mild curvatures, observation is the treatment of choice. Though this passive “wait and see” approach has been used for many years, the practice is inconsistent among different countries. In Anglo-Saxon countries where scoliosis specific exercises are not practised, observation is indicated for curvatures below 25° in growing children and adolescents. In countries, such as France, Germany, Italy and Poland where scoliosis specific corrective exercises are employed, only patients with no signs of maturity and with curvatures below 15° are treated by observation. Patients with curvatures between 15 – 25° are treated by scoliosis specific exercises. In view of the unpredictability of the progression of scoliosis curvatures in immature patients and the lack of knowledge of long term biomechanical repercussions of mild idiopathic scoliosis on lumbar spine and lower extremities, it is proposed that active intervention through scoliosis specific exercises rather than passive observation be employed in the treatment of mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Keywords: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, observation, scoliosis specific exercises.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2016
Page: [24 - 30]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573396312666151117120625

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