Pp. 4-14 (11)
The aim of this chapter is to explain what a natural biological neuron is, and
what an artificial neuron is. To this end, the first section introduces the biological
neuron, explains its structure and its information transmission methods. The second
section explains how an artificial neuron may be obtained from a corresponding
biological neuron. The resources for the artificial neuron may be purely electrical in
nature and the behaviour of the resulting electric circuit is expected to be similar to that
of information transmission of a biological neuron.
Active transport, Axon, Calcium, Conduction, Conductance, Central
nervous system, Dendrites , Diffusion, Depolarization, Electrogenesis, Ganglia,
Hyperpolarization, Motor, Myelin sheath, Neurotransmitter, Neuron, Potassium,
PRVP, Sodium, Soma, Sheath.
University of Kent, United Kingdom.