Artificial Neural Systems: Principle and Practice

Artificial Neural Systems: Principle and Practice

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An intelligent system is one which exhibits characteristics including, but not limited to, learning, adaptation, and problem-solving. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Systems are intelligent systems ...
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Neurons

Pp. 4-14 (11)

Pierre Lorrentz

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to explain what a natural biological neuron is, and what an artificial neuron is. To this end, the first section introduces the biological neuron, explains its structure and its information transmission methods. The second section explains how an artificial neuron may be obtained from a corresponding biological neuron. The resources for the artificial neuron may be purely electrical in nature and the behaviour of the resulting electric circuit is expected to be similar to that of information transmission of a biological neuron.

Keywords:

Active transport, Axon, Calcium, Conduction, Conductance, Central nervous system, Dendrites , Diffusion, Depolarization, Electrogenesis, Ganglia, Hyperpolarization, Motor, Myelin sheath, Neurotransmitter, Neuron, Potassium, PRVP, Sodium, Soma, Sheath.

Affiliation:

University of Kent, United Kingdom.