Background: Aquaculture faces many challenges over the next decade, notably, combating diseases
andepizootics, broodstock improvement and domestication, development of appropriate feeds and feeding
mechanisms, hatchery and grow-out technology, as well as water-quality management. These all present
considerable scope for biotechnological and other technology interventions. Aquaculture biotechnology can
be described as the scientific application of biological concepts that enhance the productivity and economic
viability of its various industrial sectors (Liao and Chao, 1997) .
Objective: This paper is to introduce the conception of sustainable aquaculture, status, objective and how to
enter the way of sustainability in Taiwan. The paper provides an overview of the current trends in marine
aquaculture and highlights how the Taiwan aquaculturists employed various technological innovations that
occurred in the management and production of aquatic resources. The purpose of the paper is to explain the role technological
innovation played in meeting the growing worldwide consumer demand for aquatic species, and in dealing with scientific
uncertainty regarding the potential negative impact of these advances on the aquatic environment, fish health and the
Methods: We use the OECD definition of biotechnology: “The application of science and technology to living organisms, as well
as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and
services”. To revolutionize aquaculture, it is essential to apply modern biotechnology techniques. Taiwan aquaculturists
conducting biotechnology research would adopt at least one of six technologies or processes, biotechnological techniques include
(a) water environmental bioremediation technology, (b) -omics, bioinformatics and molecular breeding program to select
superior aquatic seeds, (c) molecular nutrition and feed biotechnology to develop functional feed and additives, and(d)
biosecurity management strategies for aquatic animals, (e) smart aquaculture facility ; including recirculation system and
aquaponics system, and (f) application of ICT and IoT technology to establish national wide seafood traceability system.
Results: We find it useful to follow up on this overall definition, and elaborate on its practical applications within the marine
culture biotechnology sector. One way of following up is to divide into six different researches and business sub-areas, as
a) Microbial agents for environmental remediation, bio-control and probiotics; b) New genetic markers and breeding program to
speed up the selection of new strain with good traits for industrial use; c) To develop green functional feed additives by
nutrigenomics and molecular nutrition concepts, economical alternatives to fish meal as a protein source in aquaculture feeds; d)
Providing new techniques for biosecurity management of aquatic species; e) Seafood traceability to ensuring bio-safety and food
safety of aquaculture and fisheries; f) Smart aquaculture facility, including recirculation system and aquaponics system
Conclusion: The paper briefly reports the current progress in Taiwan and thrust areas in the use of probiotics for water
environmental remediation, molecular markers for fish breeding and production of monosex and transgenesis, biotechnology in
aquaculture nutrition and health management, gene banking, intelligent aquaculture facility and the seafood traceability system.
The conclusions recapitulate some of the findings gained in this interdisciplinary analysis on the role of marine culture
biotechnology in the management of aquatic resources, and emphasize the long-run perspective of technological innovation in
fish and shellfish production.