Collateral Circulation in Chronic Total Occlusions – an interventional perspective

Author(s): Gim-Hooi Choo

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 4 , 2015

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Graphical Abstract:


Human coronary collaterals are inter-coronary communications that are believed to be present from birth. In the presence of chronic total occlusions, recruitment of flow via these collateral anastomoses to the arterial segment distal to occlusion provide an alternative source of blood flow to the myocardial segment at risk. This mitigates the ischemic injury. Clinical outcome of coronary occlusion ie. severity of myocardial infarction/ischemia, impairment of cardiac function and possibly survival depends not only on the acuity of the occlusion, extent of jeopardized myocardium, duration of ischemia but also to the adequacy of collateral circulation. Adequacy of collateral circulation can be assessed by various methods. These coronary collateral channels have been used successfully as a retrograde access route for percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusions. Factors that promote angiogenesis and further collateral remodeling ie. arteriogenesis have been identified. Promotion of collateral growth as a therapeutic target in patients with no suitable revascularization option is an exciting proposal.

Keywords: Arteriogenesis, chronic total occlusion, collateral, collateral flow index, percutaneous intervention.

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Article Details

Year: 2015
Published on: 06 November, 2015
Page: [277 - 284]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X11666150909112548
Price: $65

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