Nonacoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common complication of pediatric obesity in
which diet is a major factor in causation and the cornerstone of treatment. In this review, the
alterations in hepatic lipid metabolism that contribute to pediatric NAFLD, and impact of dietary
proteins, carbohydrates, and fats on hepatic fat metabolism and NAFLD are described. Lastly, dietary
recommendations for achieving changes in macronutrient intakes that can be beneficial in the
treatment of NAFLD are provided.
Keywords: Adolescents, children, diet, lipid, macronutrient, nutrition, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, pediatric.
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