It is now very much clear that the microbiome plays an important part in human health. Microbiome is
associated with several diseases and targeting the whole microbiome is certainly a challenge before the scientists.
The “Human Microbiome Project” is continually exploring certain therapeutic targets inside microbiome landscape
that could be utilized for the treatment of microbiome associated diseases. Additionally, associated research across
the globe is going on and now some potential targets are available that might be beneficial for the designing and
synthesis of novel drugs. In this review, we made an effort to discuss all the potential targets and corresponding possible drugs/treatments
available for each of them. However, it is not possible to treat all microbiome associated diseases with a single drug/drug combination.
Therefore, for different diseases, different treatments/drugs (whether xenobiotic or non-xenobiotic) could be used for better therapeutic
Keywords: Bacteriocins, drug, microbiome, probiotics, traditional chinese medicines, vitamin D, xenobiotic.
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