Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder which is characterized
by motor neuron (MN) dysfunction, progressive paralysis, and death. Although several therapeutic approaches
have been used for treatment of ALS, little success has been achieved. Natural vectors such
as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be a promising tool for overcoming therapeutic problems.
MSCs have multipotential characteristics such as the ability to differentiate into variety of cell types, easy access, immunomodulation,
tissue repair, exertion of trophic factors, exosome secretion and efficient homing. In this review, we will
discuss the characteristics of MSCs and their possible therapeutic mechanisms in ALS patients.