Diabetes mellitus is characterized by loss of glucose homeostasis; altered metabolism of
glucose, proteins and lipids. Although a number of effective allopathic medicines are currently available
for treatment and management of diabetes, but prevalence of side effects and higher cost poses a
big challenge to the goal of pharmacotherapy. Herbs are mine of medicinal agents that are found to be
efficacious, cost effective and safe in preventing diabetes and a number of plants have been used in
management or treatment of diabetes. Modern pharmacopoeia has a healthy number of plant derived
medicines and a large number of medicines from allopathic system are derived from the plant sources.
This review aims to assess currently available preclinical and clinical knowledge of medicinal herbs intended for the management
of diabetes and their mode of action.
Keywords: Diabetes, medicinal herbs, preclinical studies, clinical studies, pharmacotherapy, hyperglycemia.
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