The binding of enzymes on carriers with a high degree of activation with glyoxyl groups is an excellent
method for improving enzyme stability by multipoint covalent attachment on a pre-existing carrier. Glyoxyl groups
are short aliphatic aldehyde groups (Support – O-CH2 – CHO) that can be obtained by periodate oxidation of glyceryl
groups (Support –O-CH2-CHOH-CH2OH). The unique features of glyoxyl groups are as follows:
a.- The immobilization of enzymes through their amino groups has to occur via multipoint attachment.
b.- The glyoxyl groups are stable at pH 10, which allows for the participation of Lys in the immobilization process.
c.- The glyoxyl groups are very stable at pH 10, which allows for a long-term incubation between the immobilized enzyme and the activated
support to promote a very intense enzyme-support multipoint covalent attachment.
Using this protocol, more than 100 industrial enzymes were highly stabilized. In many cases, stabilizations of greater than 1000-fold
compared with immobilized derivatives generated by conventional methods were obtained. Although dramatic stabilization was
achieved, the immobilized enzymes maintained only 50 to 90 % of the catalytic activity of the corresponding soluble enzyme. Stabilization
of industrial enzymes is a key step in immobilization protocols. Enzymes are immobilized for use at industrial scales for a number of