RepurposeVS: A Drug Repurposing-Focused Computational Method for Accurate Drug-Target Signature Predictions

Author(s): Naiem T. Issa, Oakland J. Peters, Stephen W. Byers, Sivanesan Dakshanamurthy

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 18 , Issue 8 , 2015

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Abstract:

We describe here RepurposeVS for the reliable prediction of drug-target signatures using X-ray protein crystal structures. RepurposeVS is a virtual screening method that incorporates docking, drug-centric and protein-centric 2D/3D fingerprints with a rigorous mathematical normalization procedure to account for the variability in units and provide high-resolution contextual information for drug-target binding. Validity was confirmed by the following: (1) providing the greatest enrichment of known drug binders for multiple protein targets in virtual screening experiments, (2) determining that similarly shaped protein target pockets are predicted to bind drugs of similar 3D shapes when RepurposeVS is applied to 2,335 human protein targets, and (3) determining true biological associations in vitro for mebendazole (MBZ) across many predicted kinase targets for potential cancer repurposing. Since RepurposeVS is a drug repurposing-focused method, benchmarking was conducted on a set of 3,671 FDA approved and experimental drugs rather than the Database of Useful Decoys (DUDE) so as to streamline downstream repurposing experiments. We further apply RepurposeVS to explore the overall potential drug repurposing space for currently approved drugs. RepurposeVS is not computationally intensive and increases performance accuracy, thus serving as an efficient and powerful in silico tool to predict drug-target associations in drug repurposing.

Keywords: Cancer, drug, interaction, mebendazole, repositioning, repurposing, virtual screening.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2015
Page: [784 - 794]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1386207318666150803130138
Price: $65

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