Neonatal vascular tumours present particular difficulties in their diagnosis and treatment. The special behaviour
of neonatal hemangioma and the aggressive but benign nature of kaposiform hemangioendothelioma provide examples of
a modern need for a conservative approach. Recent advances in their pharmacological management have dramatically
changed the therapeutical scope of this group of tumors with surgery playing a minor role in their treatment. Multidisciplinary
teams management involving neonatology, pediatric surgery, dermatology, pathology, genetics and radiology specialists
among others remains the best option for an optimal outcome.
Keywords: Infantile hemangioma, kaposiform hemangioendothelioma, propranolol, rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma,
tufted angioma, sirolimus.
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