MicroRNA Therapies for Osteoarthritis and its Symptoms

Author(s): Amaris A. Genemaras, C.-Y. Charles Huang, Lee D. Kaplan

Journal Name: Current Tissue Engineering (Discontinued)

Volume 4 , Issue 2 , 2015


Abstract:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating and painful orthopedic joint disease, affecting over 20 million people in the United States and is characterized by the degeneration of cartilage at the articulating surfaces of bones and inflammation of joint capsule. While the field of orthopedic research has progressed immensely in the previous decades, understanding of suitable targets for therapeutic techniques for treating or preventing OA is severely lacking in current clinical methods. Genetic regulation of the catabolic enzymes and anabolic proteins that characterize OA begins in the cytosol of the chondrocyte by short non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs). Proper regulation of miRNAs has shown to be critical to maintain healthy cartilage. In this review, we outline the various miRNAs that have the potential to act as targets or therapies for OA and its symptoms. We conclude with a brief discussion the current and potential methods of delivering miRNA to joint tissues via intra-articular injection, and the challenges of miRNA therapeutics translating clinically.

Keywords: Cartilage degeneration, intra-articular therapy, MicroRNA, MicroRNA delivery, MicroRNA therapy, osteoarthritis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 4
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [86 - 94]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2211542004666150713184800
Price: $65

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