The review intends to present and recapitulate the current knowledge on the roles and importance
of regulatory RNAs, such as microRNAs and small interfering RNAs, RNA binding proteins
and enzymes processing RNAs or activated by RNAs, in cells infected by RNA viruses. The review
focuses on how non-coding RNAs are involved in RNA virus replication, pathogenesis and host
response, especially in retroviruses HIV, with examples of the mechanisms of action, transcriptional
regulation, and promotion of increased stability of their targets or their degradation.
Keywords: Argonaute, DICER, HIV, RNA binding proteins, RNA secondary structure, RNA viruses, Small RNAs.
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