Rapid adoption of next generation sequencing (NGS) in genomic medicine has been driven
by low cost, high throughput sequencing and rapid advances in our understanding of the genetic bases
of human diseases. Today, the NGS method has dominated sequencing space in genomic research, and
quickly entered clinical practice. Because unique features of NGS perfectly meet the clinical reality
(need to do more with less), the NGS technology is becoming a driving force to realize the dream of precision medicine.
This article describes the strengths of NGS, NGS panels used in precision medicine, current applications of NGS in cytology,
and its challenges and future directions for routine clinical use.