Evaluating Potential P-gp Substrates: Main Aspects to Choose the Adequate Permeability Model for Assessing Gastrointestinal Drug Absorption

Author(s): Joao Batista da Silva Junior, Thaisa Marinho Dezani, Andre Bersani Dezani, Cristina Helena dos Reis Serra

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 15 , Issue 10 , 2015


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Abstract:

The success of an oral drug route administration depends on many factors that interfere in its bioavailability, therapeutic efficacy and clinical safety. In human cells, ATP-dependent efflux transporter proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), BCRP and MRP2, reduce the absorption of drugs. A tiered approach chosen to evaluate drugs as substrates or inhibitors of efflux pumps, particularly P-gp, should be carefully selected, since each study method has advantages and intrinsic limitations to their processes. Depending on the adopted study conditions, the results may not correspond to the real characteristics of the drug regarding to its modulation by specific efflux proteins. This mini-review aims at summarizing the role of P-gp in the drugs oral absorption and correlating some of the most used permeability methods to determine the drug condition as P-gp substrate. Studies about P-gp have shown that it is a dynamic protein, facilitating secretion of endogenous compounds, as aldosterone, and protecting cells against xenobiotics. Different efflux assays are employed to evaluate drugs as P-gp substrates. In an initial planning, MDCK-MDR1 tend to be the chosen method for efflux studies due its ability of express P-gp, followed by studies conducted in Caco-2 models. However, it is necessary to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each method to generate sound results and to set the correlation in vitro x in situ x in vivo.

Keywords: Caco-2, drug permeability, efflux, ex vivo, in situ, in vitro, MDCK, MDCK-MDR1, P-glycoprotein.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2015
Published on: 11 May, 2015
Page: [858 - 871]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1389557515666150511152705
Price: $65

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