Low aerobic performance levels have been considered one of the risk
factors for premature mortality, regardless of presence of other health problems.
The critical analysis of studies on the prevalence of low aerobic performance and
associated factors may contribute to the epidemiological knowledge and analysis /
discussion of socio-cultural aspects that influence low aerobic performance. The
aim of this systematic review was to identify studies on the prevalence of low aerobic
performance levels and possible associations between low aerobic performance and demographic/
biological factors, lifestyle and excess body fat in adolescents (11-19 years). The search
was conducted in PubMed and SciELO databases using descriptors "aerobic capacity" or "aerobic
fitness", "cardiorespiratory capacity" or "cardiorespiratory fitness", "aerobic power" or "aerobic endurance"
or "cardiorespiratory endurance" and "adolescents". After the search and exclusion criteria,
33 articles were selected. Factors that were associated with low aerobic performance levels were
female gender, low income, low consumption of dairy products and/or bread/cereals, increased consumption
of sweetened beverages, insufficient physical activity level, excessive screen time and excess
body fat. The heterogeneity of factors related to low aerobic performance levels demonstrates
the complexity of this topic and the need for further studies to obtain definitive conclusions.