Controlling the assembly of basic structural building blocks in a systematic and orderly fashion is an emerging
issue in various areas of science and engineering such as physics, chemistry, material science, biological engineering, and
electrical engineering. The self-assembly technique, among many other kinds of ordering techniques, has several unique
advantages and the M13 bacteriophage can be utilized as part of this technique. The M13 bacteriophage (Phage) can easily
be modified genetically and chemically to demonstrate specific functions. This allows for its use as a template to determine
the homogeneous distribution and percolated network structures of inorganic nanostructures under ambient conditions.
Inexpensive and environmentally friendly synthesis can be achieved by using the M13 bacteriophage as a novel
functional building block. Here, we discuss recent advances in the application of M13 bacteriophage self-assembly structures
and the future of this technology.