Rapidly Increasing Trends in Oropharyngeal Carcinoma Assessed by Worldwide Epidemiologic Analysis

Author(s): Enyinnaya Ofo, Junkichi Yokoyama

Journal Name: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Graphical Abstract:


Due to the progressive decline in smoking and drinking, incidences of head and neck cancers have decreased markedly in the USA and European countries. However, incidences of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) are rising worldwide in both nonsmokers and nondrinkers. Epidemiologic studies suggest a strong association between human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 infection, changing sexual behavior and cancer development.

While HPV-associated oropharyngeal carcinoma is characterized by locally advanced disease and poorly differentiated histology, HPV-associated OPC is identified with effective prognosis by reason of its positive response to chemotherapy and radiation. Nevertheless, clinicians need to be aware of the risk of OPC in young people in order to avoid unnecessary delays in diagnosis and treatment.

Interviews with attention to obtaining information including the patient’s history of oral sex can aid in establishing a precise diagnoses in young patients with enlarged neck nodes and/or tonsillar masses.

Keywords: Epidemiology, HPV associated oropharyngeal carcinoma, human papillomavirus (HPV), oropharyngeal carcinoma, prevention, vaccination.

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Article Details

Year: 2015
Published on: 27 April, 2015
Page: [15 - 20]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573394711666150428003039

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