Purpose: The aim of the present study was to compare the self-esteem of two independent samples
of high school students collected in Athens, Greece, at two points in time reflecting different socioeconomic
conditions of the country.
Methods: At time point A (in 2002) we collected data from 713 adolescent students (age 15-18 years) attending
Senior High School. At time point B (in 2010) we collected data from 1916 students (age 15-17 years) attending
Senior High School. The questionnaires consisted of an introductory part in which personal and family
data were recorded (school type, sex, family structure, and academic performance) and the Rosenberg
Self-Esteem Scale (SES).
Results: Adolescents reported higher mean levels of self-esteem in 2002 compared to 2010. The main effect
of sex, school type and academic performance on self-esteem was significant.
The effect of the interaction of time by school type on self-esteem was significant, with the self-esteem of
students in technical education schools showing grater difference between time points than that of students in
general education schools. Τhere was no effect of the interaction of sex, academic performance and family
structure by time on self-esteem.
Conclusions: The financial standstill in Greece resulted in significantly lower levels of adolescent self-esteem.
This effect is similar for both sexes and more accentuated among adolescents attending technical schools versus
those attending general education schools.