Three human Taenia species, Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, and Taenia asiatica, are endemic in
rural regions of Asia, with these species sympatrically distributed in parts of Thailand and China. The pork
tapeworm, T. solium, is the most pathogenic to humans, causing cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis (NCC).
Due to its public health impact, T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is one of 17 neglected tropical diseases
(NTDs) prioritized by the World Health Organization. In this review, the current status of taeniasis and NCC
in several Asian countries will be presented as will possible prevention and control strategies. Among the
known T. solium endemic areas in Asia, Bali, Indonesia is of high importance due to the risk of tourists becoming
infected. Therefore, special attention will be given to ongoing control initiatives in Bali.
Keywords: Human, neurocysticercosis, parasitic zoonosis, pig, taeniases, Taenia asiatica, Taenia hydatigena,
Taenia saginata, Taenia solium.
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