This paper discusses the nature of four waves of technological innovations in forensic genetics
alongside the social, legal and ethical aspect of these innovations. It emphasises the way in which technological advances
and their socio-legal frameworks are co-produced, shaping technology expectations, social identities, and legal institutions.
It also considers how imagined and actual uses of forensic genetic technologies are entangled with assertions
about social order, affirmations of common values and civil rights, and promises about security and justice. Our comments
seek to encourage the participation of scientific actors in the development of anticipatory governance deliberations concerning
the widening application of forensic genetics in an increasing number of criminal and civil jurisdictions.