Role of the Epithelial Cell Rests of Malassez in Periodontal Homeostasis and Regeneration - A Review

Author(s): Zhenhua Yang, Yanjiao Li, Xiaojie Ma, Lin Shen, Zhihe Zhao, Fang Jin

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 10 , Issue 5 , 2015

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Predictable and complete periodontal regeneration following periodontitis has been the ultimate goal of periodontal treatment. It has been recognized that Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells play a crucial role in cementogenesis and root formation. As the descendants of HERS and unique odontogenic epithelium in the adult periodontium, epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) have long been considered as quiescent epithelial remnants devoid of structure and function. Here we will present an overview of our present understanding and putative functions of the ERM in the regeneration of periodontal tissues.

Keywords: Hertwig's epithelial root sheath, epithelial cell rests Malassez, periodontium development, periodontal regeneration, cementogenesis, stem cells.

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Article Details

Year: 2015
Published on: 11 March, 2015
Page: [398 - 404]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X10666150312100957
Price: $65

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