Inositol & its Phosphates: Basic Science to Practical Applications

Inositol and its phosphates are ubiquitous across most life forms, wherein they play important roles in cellular integrity and functions such as signal transduction, DNA damage repair ion transport ...
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Therapeutic Potential of Inositol Compounds

Pp. 187-196 (10)

A.K.M. Shamsuddin and Guang-Yu Yang

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders among females. Although there is a diverse range of causes that are not entirely understood, recent studies indicate the potential role of myo-inositol in the pathophysiology of PCOS: i) insulin resistance in PCOS women can be attributed to a deficiency of myo-inositol’s intracellular metabolites, D-chiro-inositol (DCI) and inositol-phosphoglycan (IPG), mediators of insulin action; ii) PCOS patients have a higher urinary clearance of DCI; and iii) DCI functions as an intracellular messenger in mammalian oocytes, playing a role in the follicular milieu, meiotic resumption, and oocyte maturation. Recently, myo-inositol has been used in PCOS patients more and more as a natural insulin sensitizer and until today, there are more than 70 clinical trials on determining the effect of myo-inositol and/or DCI as insulin-sensitizing compound in PCOS women.

Keywords:

AGE, anovulation, BMI, chiro-inositol, DCI, inosituria, oligoovulation, PCOS, sorbitol, Stein-Leventhal.

Affiliation:

The University of Maryland School of Medicine 10 S. Pine Street, MSTF-700 Baltimore, MD 21201-1116 USA., Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine 303 E Chicago Ave, Ward 4-115 Chicago, IL 60611 USA.