Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Space Dangers: Outer Space Perils, Rocket Risks and the Health Consequences of the Space Environment

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition (BKCI-S), EBSCO.

Natural elements and cosmic phenomena in space, such as asteroids, comets, meteors, black holes and super bubbles pose a threat to the planet Earth and spacefarers in the near-Earth environment. ...
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Vision Problems

Pp. 217-227 (11)

Dirk C. Gibson

Abstract

Vision problems and eye damage in space were the topic of this chapter. The fact that microgravity causes vision loss was documented, with a trio of specific eye maladies discussed. A half-dozen possible causes of space-related vision loss were analyzed. The similarity of space vision issues to a pair of terrestrial maladies was recognized. The magnitude of the space vision degradation problem was quantified, and the question of whether or not this damage is permanent was addressed. It was documented that many spacefarer vision problems occur after astronauts return to Earth. A one-month threshold for space-induced eye issues was documented. NASA interest in this issue was discussed as were NASA policy acts regarding vision degradation. Studies on vision changes in microgravity were considered.

Keywords:

Aerospace Daily & Defense Report, cataract, cataractogenesis, CBC News, Center for Radiological Research, cerebral artery, Columbia University, folic acid, hypoxia, hypothermia, intracranial hypertension, linear, optic nerve, National Biochemistry Lab, Orlando Sentinel, oxidative stress, papilledema, Russian Institute of Medical and Biological Studies, University of Texas Medical School.

Affiliation:

The University of New Mexico USA.