Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Space Dangers: Outer Space Perils, Rocket Risks and the Health Consequences of the Space Environment

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition (BKCI-S), EBSCO.

Natural elements and cosmic phenomena in space, such as asteroids, comets, meteors, black holes and super bubbles pose a threat to the planet Earth and spacefarers in the near-Earth environment. ...
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Superbubbles

Pp. 116-126 (11)

Dirk C. Gibson

Abstract

Superbubbles were defined and explained in this chapter. Examples were given, including Cygnus OB 1, the Aquila supershell, the Monogem Ring, NGC 1929 and Orion-Eridanus. It was documented that superbubbles generate and disseminate radiation. Explosions were also associated with superbubbles. Superbubbles produce both termination shock and secondary shocks. Plasma waves are created by superbubbles, it was demonstrated. The inherently turbulent and chaotic inner nature of superbubbles was documented.

Keywords:

Absorption clouds, Aquila supershell, Chandra X-Ray Observatory, Cygnus OB 1, Fermi Large Area Telescope, equipartition, filaments, Magellanic Cloud, MHD, Monogem Ring, Max-Planck-ESA Telescope, NASA Spitzer Space Telescope, National Institute of Nuclear Physics, NGC 1929, Orion-Eridanus, Padova University, plasma, superbubbles, termination shock, Wolf-Rayet stage.

Affiliation:

The University of New Mexico USA.