Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Space Dangers: Outer Space Perils, Rocket Risks and the Health Consequences of the Space Environment

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition (BKCI-S), EBSCO.

Natural elements and cosmic phenomena in space, such as asteroids, comets, meteors, black holes and super bubbles pose a threat to the planet Earth and spacefarers in the near-Earth environment. ...
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Pp. 105-115 (11)

Dirk C. Gibson


Supernovas were described and explained in this chapter. The types and subtypes of supernovas were noted. Supernovas cause a tremendous explosion at the moment they are created. The quantitative significance of supernovas was discussed. Supernovas produce particles and radiation, and create excessive temperatures. Supernovas were exemplified, and the concept of SNRs (supernova remnant) was introduced. It was observed that supernovas cause blast and shock waves, gamma ray fireballs and the vaporization of space objects. The concept of pair-instability supernovas was discussed. Pulsars are created by supernovas, it was suggested.


Antielectron, charged particles, CalTech, Crab Nebula, Enyclopedia Britannica, gamma ray fireballs, Gemini, Kepler’s star, Large Magellanic Cloud, Las Companas Observatory, light curve, luminosity, neutrino, neutron star, nuclear density, nuclear reaction, pair-instability radioactive isotopes, supernovas, pulsar, vaporization.


The University of New Mexico USA.