In this research, greener chromatography employing a more eco-friendly microemulsion
mobile phase was utilized for the analysis of rosiglitazone (ROS) and glimepiride (GLM) in rat sera.
ROS, GLM, and darfenacin (an internal standard) were detected using UV wavelength of 237 nm.
HPLC analysis by using a monolithic column was performed by directly injecting the sample after appropriate
dilution with the mobile phase. The chromatographic behavior of these compounds was studied to demonstrate
their chromatographic efficiency, retention, and peak symmetry. Regression analyses showed excellent linearity (r =
0.999) over concentrations ranging from 100 to 5000 ng mL-1for both ROS and GLM. The developed method by using rat
sera had limits of detection of 40.0 ng mL-1for both drugs. The assay was statistically validated for linearity, accuracy,
precision and specificity according to ICH guidelines. The intra- and inter-assay precisions were satisfactory and the accuracy
of the method was proved. This assay was successfully applied in a pharmacokinetic study.
Keywords: Green chromatography, monolithic column, rosiglitazone and glimepiride, rat sera, pharmacokinetics.
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