This study examined the factors associated with follow-up non-attendance (FUNA) and
mortality among the adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data on 57780 T2DM patients
from the 2009 diabetes registry were analyzed using multinomial logistic mixed model. Out of
57780 patients, 3140 (5.4%) were lost to follow-up and 203 (0.4%) patients had died. Compared with
patients who were under active follow-up, men (OR 1.37), neither on insulin (OR 1.72), nor on antiplatelet
agents (OR 1.47), having higher HbA1c (OR 1.15), higher LDL-C (OR 1.18) and complications
(OR 1.33) were associated with FUNA. Older age (OR 1.09) and higher LDL-C (OR 2.27) have higher mortality.
Across the four different health facilities, medication use (insulin and anti-platelet agents) to achieve better disease control
in the younger age when diabetes complication is absent would not cause FUNA and might reduce mortality.
Keywords: Lost to follow-up, mortality determinants, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hospital outpatient clinics, primary health care,
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