The normal production of oil fields was seriously affected by the mineral scale formation, especially calcium
deposition. This paper focused on the types, mechanisms and influencing factors of common scales oilfield scaling, especially
carbonate scale and sulfate scale. Besides, some prediction models which were widely practiced in the oilfield to determine
the scaling tendency of oilfield brine were described. The development and scale inhibition mechanisms of scale
inhibitors which were used in oilfield were introduced and the scale removal and inhibition technology were reviewed.
Furthermore, some patents of scale inhibitors and removal technology were commented.
Keywords: Mechanisms, prediction models, scale formation, scale inhibition, scale removal.
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