Treatment Strategies for Fatty Liver Diseases

Author(s): Nicolas Wiernsperger

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 9 , Issue 3 , 2014


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Abstract:

Hepatic steatosis, a hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), is an early marker as well as a cause of the cardiometabolic syndrome, prediabetes and NIDDM. Its high prevalence in the general population and its many causes and complex mechanisms make it a pathology which must be treated and requires careful diagnosis also in terms of underlying causes, which may strongly vary among subjects. The recent awareness of the commonness of NAFLD has prompted intensive research which unraveled many different mechanisms causing hepatic steatosis, from diet to intestinal diseases and liver receptors. Epigenetic factors must be added to this list.

A variety of causes and mechanisms open many different potential therapeutic approaches. This review aims at summarizing the effects of a selected series of old and new treatments for which there exist at least a reasonable amount of data. Many show efficacy in animals but human data are less convincing largely because of poor amount of data and generally they lack histological confirmation. Many drugs either induce undesirable side-effects or have tight therapeutic dose windows. The recent recognition of a key role of intestinal microbiota in NAFLD and metabolic syndrome may represent a major therapeutic breakthrough by the modulation of bacteria in the gut.

Performing randomized long-term clinical studies including liver biopsies appears as prerequisite to determine which treatment is the most valuable, however not ignoring that the therapeutic choice may require individualization among subjects as a function of the origins of NAFLD.

Keywords: Diet, lipids, microbiota, NAFLD, steatosis, treatment.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2014
Published on: 26 January, 2015
Page: [185 - 194]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1574887109666141216110618
Price: $65

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