The genus Aralia contains many plants used medicinally in Asia and the Americas. Although
many members of this genus are used medicinally, the vast majority of this genus has not been explored
chemically. The species of Aralia that have been explored chemically have yielded compounds of several
classes, including triterpenoid saponins, sterols, diterpenoids, and acetylenic lipids. Many of the biologically
active components found in genus Aralia have been evaluated for their potential as lead compounds for drug discovery.
This review will explore the medicinal chemistry of compounds reported from genus Aralia, and future prospects for this
genus will be considered.