Novel Oral Anticoagulants in Peripheral Arterial and Coronary Artery Disease

Author(s): Angelos Tsipis, Anna-Maria Athanassiadou, Emmanouil Petrou, Ioannis Iakovou

Journal Name: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents)

Volume 12 , Issue 1 , 2014

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Abstract:

Atherosclerosis comprises of a chronic disease of the vessels which mainly targets the arterial system. The disease’s main characteristic is the accumulation of inflammatory cells, lipids, smooth muscle cells and connective tissue within the vascular intima layer. The atherosclerotic lesion can be more accurately defined as a fibro-inflammatory lipid plaque. The pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque is a progressive and additive process that usually occurs over decades. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents have been the major elements of large trials since decades, in an attempt to promote the primary and secondary prevention of atherothrombosis. The atherosclerotic plaque rupture and the following thrombosis involve, among others, activation of both platelets and coagulation factors, therefore a potential combination of antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy, particularly in the setting of secondary prevention has been reconsidered in the light of the newly developed oral anticoagulants.

Keywords: Novel oral anticoagulants, peripheral and coronary artery disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2014
Page: [21 - 25]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/187152571201141201092628

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