Late preterm infants are defined as those born between 340/0 and 366/7 weeks of gestation.
This population represents a growing proportion of preterm deliveries and traditionally has been neglected
as thought to behave similarly to term infants. However, studies in the last decade have shown
that they are vulnerable not only during the first few weeks of life but also later on in infancy and
childhood. The aim of this review is to summarize the published literature in the field of the long-term
outcomes of the late preterm delivery. The main areas that are affected are the respiratory function and
the neurodevelopment of these babies due to the early arrest in the lung and brain development, respectively. Moreover,
the overall general health of this population is affected in the long-term and ongoing follow up studies are required
to provide a better understanding in the field. Continuous efforts should also be made so that the needs of these infants
are recognized and managed in a timely appropriate manner.
Keywords: Late preterm, infants, long-term, outcome.
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