Context: Liposomes appear as an excellent vehicle for parenteral and non-parenteral administration
routes. Drugs, genetic vaccines or skin care products, are candidates to be included in liposomes.
Irrespective of the therapeutic aim, most reported procedures for lipid vesicles formulation, make it necessary
to use and then remove organic solvents.
Objetive: To explore the possibility of avoiding organic solvents for liposomes preparation by sonication
of component mixture.
Materials and methods: Liposomes were prepared by direct sonication of lipids and water medium and by the lipid film
hydration method both in the presence and absence of trehalose. Extrusion through 1.0 and 0.1 μm pore membranes was
performed in both cases. Liposomes size distribution was determined by dynamic laser scattering analysis.
Results: Sonication of watery lipid dispersion produces lipid vesicles in a size range of 20-120 nm while lipid film hydration
method provides with larger vesicles under all experimental assayed conditions. Extrusion through 1.0 μm pore
membrane failed to produce monodisperse liposomes even from the largest liposomes. Sequential extrusion though 0.1
μm, however, lead to monodisperse samples with both methods.
Conclusion: The sonication of aqueous lipid dispersions is a suitable organic solvent-free alternative for preparation of
small lipid vesicles.