Malondialdehyde and Superoxide Dismutase in High-dose Calcium Supplemented Women in Relation to Iron and Calcium Panels

Author(s): Supriya Gupta, Sarojni Rai, Poonam C. Mittal

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 10 , Issue 4 , 2014

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Dietary deficiency of calcium is widespread, so supplements as therapeutics or prophylactics for skeletal development and osteoporosis are common. Supplements of iron, lower in the activity series, create oxidative stress (OS) in the gastrointestinal tract. Both elements interact, and Ca supplements inhibit short-term iron absorption. However, studies are lacking for longitudinal effect of short-term calcium supplementation on OS markers in healthy previously unsupplemented women, relative to their blood calcium and iron panels. Present study assessed effect of short-term (30 days), high-dose (1000 mg/day) calcium supplementation to 25 unsupplemented premenopausal women on Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and circulating iron and calcium panels. Circulating Phosphorus (P) (13.46%), hemoglobin (Hb) (7.32%), hematocrit (Hct) (8.02%), plasma iron (PI) (7.65%), transferrin saturation (TS) (9.65%) decreased consistently in majority of respondents and Ca (4.91%), Total-Iron-Binding-Capacity (TIBC) (2.26%), Unsaturated- Iron-Binding-Capacity (UIBC) (7.48%), MDA (30.1%) and SOD (58.59%) increased. Short-term, high-dose calcium supplementation perturbed the blood levels of Ca, P and Ca/P, without alteration beyond known homeostatic ranges. These changes were accompanied by effects on Hb, Hct and iron panels. Increased TIBC and decreased TS indicated reduced intestinal iron absorption, attributable to high local calcium. Rise in MDA indicated OS but antioxidant metallozyme SOD also increased, indicating an adaptive response to ameliorate OS related damage.

Keywords: Calcium supplementation, oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, Iron absorption.

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Article Details

Year: 2014
Published on: 05 November, 2014
Page: [294 - 301]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573401310666141105220922
Price: $65

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